Huaina Pichu shrouded in the background above Machu
Picchu. The myths of the past of Peru are equally shrouded.
Kaki fruit as they are known here and in Japan. In the US we call them
|Maracuya and Granadilla. Everyone's favorite, at least ours are the mangos.|
The season is over this year and we will pass them.
Less than a thousand khipu survive today. Most are thought to have
been used for accounting as they are organized into the decimal system.
More complex khipu may contain words but that is yet to be determined.
|Dried potatoes or chuño. They are also called papa seca or dried potatoes.|
Climate change and freeze dried potatoes, called papas secas, or chuño, according to a few scholars, explains why the Inca armies were able to sweep over and conquer the western Andean regions of South America in such a short period of time, approximately 100 years. Potatoes are still freeze dried much in the same way they have been done for many millennia. These freeze dried potatoes are relatively high in nutrition and have a shelf life of up to three years without further refrigeration. Their light weight allowed them to be carried on the backs of soldiers and llamas as the armies were moving through their empire. Climate conditions weakened the economies of coastal communities but the higher elevation of the Inca with ample rainfall and moisture gave them sufficient foodstuffs to conquer the areas suffering famine. The Inca were astute enough bargainers to offer food to any peoples who would accept their rule. One scholar estimates that Inca had five years worth of food storage at any one time for all of the inhabitants of the empire. Even today, many fields - estimated between 25% and 50% of those that were once used by the Inca - remain unused.
The terraces of Ollantaytambo, a royal Inca city, once grew corn and many
other crops. This site was abandoned before the conquistadores ever set foot in
Peru. Smallpox and other European diseases decimated the Inca population
ahead of them.
Viracocha the chief God of a number of Pre-Inca societies.
In his right hand he caries a serpent.
The stone giants at Tiawanaku. This site was one of the five most important
for the Inca even though it was created before the rise of their empire. It is
on the Bolivian side of Lake Titicaca. We had permission to visit it but ran
out of time.
The male side of the Pachacamac Totem. The
Spanish came to this site looking for gold and
found nothing of value to them. They toppled
the totem and set fire to his temple.
RA and I at the Pachacamac site. It is mostly of stone and some adobe. The
Inca added additional temples and structures to it. Even today travelers still
come especially in August and leave offerings such as chicha and coca leaves.
The image of the staff god incised on a dried squash gourd. The color of
the inset was changed to highlight his features. His right terminates in the
head of a snake.
Sechin Alto Temple Complex with the two staircases and light and dark
stones at the entrance. The site dates to approximately 2000 BCE and is
near Chimbote about 200 miles north of Lima
With regard to this duality, I am reminded from the Book of Mormon of Lehi's words to his son Jacob: "And to bring about his eternal purposes in the end of man, after he had created our first parents. and the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and in fine, all things which are created, it must needs be that there was an opposition; even the forbidden fruit in opposition to the tree of life; the one being sweet and the other bitter. Wherefore, the Lord God gave unto man that he should at for himself. Wherefore, man could not act for himself save it should be that he was entice by the one or the other." 2 Nephi 2:15-16
The Pyramide Mayor at Caral is one of the oldest temple sites in all of the
Americas. Note the dark and lighter stones uncovered by the archaeologists
at the entrance of the second level of stairs.
Cancer survivor and a stroke victim both, Dr. Christensen teaches about
life's riches experiences involving opposites in his new book. We heard him
lecture in NYC at a business conference on his business theories.
The entrance to the Temple of the Sun in Ollantaytambo.
Some of the granite used on this site is porphyry and very
old being thrust up with the Andes Mountains.
|Where else in the world could you dine on barbecued cuy?|